General information about Tibet
Tibet is a sacred land and mysteries inhabited by the ever smiling people. Tibet has not only exerted magnetic spull travelers for centuries but also spies, missiories,scholars, geographers, mystics, soldiers and cranks, etc. Yet, few intrepid, serious and determined have been able to make it.
Tibet extremely remote and isolated by the most formidable Himalayan ranges,- a fascinating world of timeless splendor, unique tradition and breathtaking scenery awaits all travelers to the roof of the world.
Plan Nepal Tours, specialist in Tibet make so adventurous journey to the world of shangrila- " Tibet , so easy and so affordable through its various fascinating tour packages even to Mt. Kailash & Manasarovar Lake ". A holy Hindu & Buddhist pilgrimage. So why you also not make your dream come true with us.
Just join any of our following Tibet fixed departure tours conducted regularly every Saturday, Tuesday & Thursday, you will have an unforgettable time with us. Beside, special rates are available for exclusive private tours with the same itineraries and also many beautiful programmes.
Full country name : Tibet ( Xizang )
Area: 1.2 million sq km
Population : 2.7 million
Language: Cantonese, Tibetan, Mandarin
Governmen t: Government in exile
Head of State : His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
How to Get:
By Air : Kathmandu to Lhasa From July to October there are every day flights between the Kathmandu and Lhasa . Schedule air services fly from Kathmandu to Lhasa , and back also same.This flight last a little over one hour and gives you a panoramic view of the Himalayas .
By Land : Kathmandu to Lhasa , As with the Qinghai-Tibet Highway , the China-Nepal Friendship Highway is a popular route for travelers. This route brings you close to a number of famous sights, such as Shigatse, Gyantse, and the Everest Base Camp (Tingri)
Agriculture and Livestock are the economic pillars of Tibet , cultivating mainly sheep, goats and yaks and growing mainly barley, potato and rape. The reason also produces famous medicinal materials such as musk, pilose antler and snow lotus. Tibet leads the country in the deposits of hydropower and thermal power and ranks second in the solar energy in the world.
As early as in the late Paleolithic Age, people were found here. In the seventh century, King Songtsan Gambo united Tibet and established the Tubo Kingdom . In the 13 th century, Tibet became an administrative area under the Yuan Dynasty. In the 17 th century, the 5 th Dalali Lama established the Kadam Potrang government. The Qing government accepted this local government and sent his envoy to the region. After the revolution of 1911, the Republican government established a representative office in Tibet in order to strengthen its management of the local government. After the founding of the Peoples' Republic of China in 1949, the Tibet Autnomous Region was founded on September 1, 1965.
Transport Means: Airport Shuttle Bus, Mini Bus, Tricycle, Taxi, Bicycle
Taxi charges 10 Yuan at the beginning and the meter increases by 1 Yuan per each km run. Tricylce accommodates two persons and costs 5-10 Yuan for a short ride. Bicyle rental services available in the guesthouses and hotels. It costs 2-3 Yuan per hour and 20-25 Yuan per a whole day.
The Tibetan people speak the Tibetan language natively and form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China (PRC), although in anthropological terms they include more than one ethnic group. Tibetans are one of the four non-Chinese nations incorporated into the PRC, the others being the Uighur, the Manchu, and the Mongols. The SIL Ethnologic documents an additional 125,000 Tibetan language speakers living in India , 60,000 in Nepal , and 4,000 in Bhutan .
Tibetans generally observe Tibetan Buddhism and a close affiliate known as Bön.
It is generally agreed that Tibetans share a considerable genetic background with Mongols, although other main influences do exist. Some anthropologists have suggested an Indo-Scythian component, and others a Southeast Asian component; both are credible given Tibet 's geographic location.
Tibetans traditionally explain their own origins as rooted in the marriage of the bodhisattva Chenrezig and a mountain ogress. Tibetans who display compassion, moderation, intelligence, and wisdom are said to take after father, while Tibetans who are "red-faced, fond of sinful pursuits, and very stubborn" are said to take after mother.
Tibetans typically have light brown skin, black, somewhat wavy or even curly hair, moderately high cheekbones, and brown eyes, although some have very light hazel and green eyes, due to their Mongol heritage. The men typically have full mustaches but sparse beards; traditionally, they pluck out their beards with tweezers. Nomads have long braided hair, the women usually braid their hair in 108 braids.
Tibetans have a legendary reputation to be able to survive extremes of altitude and cold, abilities which were no doubt conditioned by the extreme environment of the Tibetan plateau.
Tibetan Buddhism has exerted extensive and profound influence on the Tibetan race. Buddhism spread into Tibet in the 7th century, and gradually infiltrates Tibet’s history, politics, economics, culture, exchanges and habits and customs to become the most extensively worshipped religion of Tibetans. Prolonged ethnic cultural exchanges also enabled Tibetan Buddhism to make its way into the Mongolian, Tu, Yugu, Luoba, Moinba, Naxi, Purmi and other ethnic minority nationalities throughout China. Buddhism has long been widely worshipped in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai provinces, and the Xinjiang Uygur and Inner Mongolia autonomous regions. It has also made its way into Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, the Mongolian People's Republic and Buryat in the Republic of Russia.
More than 1,400 Tibetan monasteries and other religious venues were renovated and opened following the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951. Chinese government and policies for religious freedom enable 34,000 monks in various monasteries to freely study Buddhist sutras and hold various types of Buddhist activities in their respective monasteries. In addition, the broad masses of religious have set up shrines, Buddha halls and sutra recitation rooms in their homes, and undertake pilgrimages to sacred sites.
Tibetan winters, as might be supposed, are fiercely cold. But for half the year, strong sunlight warms the thin air, making most days in Lhasa comfortably mild and, owing to protective mountains, relatively windless. Summer temperatures hover above 30'C (high-80s F) and only to drop to a searing -23'C (-10'F) in midwinter. The best time to visit is from late spring to early fall.
Casual wear and comfortable walking shoes are essential for any Tibet tours. Warm clothes are a must as the nights and the mornings are quite chilly.
November to April: Down jacket, thermal underwear, warm trousers, warm sweaters, woolen shirts, gloves, warm hat and scarves, light leather boots in case of snow.
May to October: Rain coats, or wind breakers, jackets, sweaters, sunhat cotton or woolen shirts, comfortable shoes.
As you have to pass through high terrain, you are likely to experience minor symptoms and discomfort of altitude sickness until your body gets adjusted to the altitude. It is advisable to drink large quantities non-alcoholic drinks to avoid dehydration. We also recommend taking a strip of Diamox tablets. A small first aid kit is essential.
Road to Tibet
The road between Tibet and Nepal is not up to the standard. It is rough, bumpy and full of bends. Particularly, during monsoon (June-August), it can be temporarily obstructed by landslides and erosion. So, a bit sporty wears and shoes are much advised facilitation the travelers to walk over the landslides (specially in the Nepal portion